蜜蜂
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2020-05-07 08:33 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Have you ever seen a hive of bees? Some hives are made with glass sides, through which we can see all that the bees are doing.
你有沒有看到過蜂箱? 有些蜂箱的側面是玻璃的, 你可以透過它們看到里面蜜蜂的活動情況。
In early summer each perfect hive contains four kinds of bees. First, there is the mother, or queen bee, which lays the eggs, each in a little cell made of wax. Then there are the male bees, or drones. These drones do no work in seeking for honey, and so they are soon killed by the other bees, and their bodies are thrown out of the hive.
夏初, 每個完整的蜂窩中都居住著四種蜜蜂。首先是蜂后, 她居住在蠟室中, 負責產卵。然后是雄性蜜蜂, 即雄蜂。它們不參加采蜜的工作, 因此很快會被其他同類殺死并扔出蜂窩。
Next come the most numerous class of all, the workers. Some of these build a great many little six-sided wax cells within the hive; while others visit flowers and suck out their sweet juices, or honey, and fill the cells with it.
接下來是數量最多的蜜蜂, 工蜂。有些工蜂負責在蜂窩中建造許多六角形的蠟室, 另外一些則穿梭在花叢之中, 汲取甜美的花蜜并填充到蠟室之中。
Lastly, there are the young bees. Each egg laid by the queen bee is put into a little wax cell, and changes first into a little white thing like a maggot without legs, which is called a larva. The larva is fed by the working bees, and in a few days it makes for itself a hard skin, and is called a pupa. A few days more, and the pupa has changed into a perfect bee, which makes its way out of its little room or cell, and is ready to set to work at once.
最后,蜂窩中還有很多幼年蜜蜂。蜂后產下的每一顆卵都被放入到小的蠟室之中。最初, 它們會孵化成像蛆蟲那樣沒有腿的白色物體,這就是幼蟲。工蜂負責給幼蟲喂食。幾天之后, 它們便會長出堅硬的皮膚, 這就是蛹。再過幾天, 蛹就會蛻變成發育成熟的蜜蜂, 它們從自己的小蠟室飛出之后就會立刻投入到工作之中。
The queen bee is much larger than the others. Both the queen bee and the workers have stings for fighting, but the drones have none. When the bee stings, an acid juice flows down the sting into the wound, and causes a smarting pain. Bees do not use their stings unless they are angry. If you go too near a hive, some of the bees may think that you mean to hurt them, and may sting you.
蜂后的體型比其他蜜蜂要大上很多。蜂后與工蜂都長有螫針, 可以用于搏斗,雄蜂卻沒有。當蜜蜂叮咬敵人之后, 一種酸液就會沿著叮咬的地方進入傷口之中,從而造成劇烈的疼痛。蜜蜂只有在憤怒時才會使用毒刺。如果你靠近一個蜂窩,有些蜜蜂可能就會認為你是要傷害它們,隨之發動攻擊。
The skin will swell1 at the place where you were stung, and that spot will feel very sore for several days.
 
皮膚被叮咬的地方高高腫起,在接下來的幾天時間里,這個傷口都會令人感到疼痛難忍。
The hive bee is dark brown in colour, and its body is covered with brown hairs. Its length is a little more than half an inch. The body of the bee, like that of all insects, is divided into three parts—the head, the chest, and the belly2.
蜜蜂的體色呈深棕色,覆蓋著一層棕色絨毛。蜜蜂體長半英寸稍多一些, 與所有的昆蟲一樣, 蜜蜂的身體分為三個部分——頭部、胸部與腹部。
The head has two eyes, two feelers, and a long trunk or tongue with which the bee gathers honey from the flowers. The chest has two pairs of gauzy wings above, and underneath3 there are three pairs of jointed4 legs. The belly is the largest of the three parts of the body, but it has no limbs attached to it. If we examine the body of the bee carefully, we shall see that it is made of a number of rings joined together.
蜜蜂的頭上長有兩只眼睛、兩根觸角以及長長的喙或者說是舌頭,它就是通過這個器官來收集花蜜。胸部共有兩種器官:上面是兩對輕薄的翅膀, 下面則是三對長有關節的腿。在蜜蜂的整個身體中,腹部體積最大, 不過卻沒有任何附肢與之相連。仔細觀察蜜蜂的身體,就會發現, 它是由很多彼此相連的環形結構組成。
Each of the two hind5 legs of the bee has a hollow called the "basket" on the outer side. In these two baskets the working bee stores up the pollen6, or yellow grains like dust, which it gets from the flowers. This pollen is taken to the hive and mixed with honey. It is then called "bee bread, " for it is the food on which the young bees are brought up.
蜜蜂的兩條后腿外側都有一個被稱作花粉筐(也叫花粉籃)的中空部分。工蜂將那些從花朵中采集的花粉(粉末狀的黃色微粒)儲存在這兩個“籃子”里面。蜜蜂將花粉運送到蜂窩之中, 與蜂蜜混合在一起。這就是“蜂糧”, 幼年蜜蜂依靠這些食物發育成長。
There is never more than one grown-up queen bee in a hive at a time. As the summer goes on, and the hive becomes too full, a young queen grows up. Then the old queen and a great number of the working bees leave the hive. This is called "swarming8. " The swarm7 of bees often settles on the branch of a tree not far from the hive, and soon they are taken by their owner and put into a new and empty hive.
蜂窩中不可能存在兩只成年蜂后。隨著夏季的推進, 蜂窩就會變得擁擠不堪,這時候一只幼年蜂后逐漸發育成熟。這時, 老蜂后就會帶領一群工蜂離開這個蜂窩。這種現象就是“分蜂(分群)”。這群蜜蜂通常都會選擇一個距離原來的蜂窩不遠的樹枝,很快, 它們便會建造一個全新的蜂窩,開始自己的生活。


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1 swell IHnzB     
vi.膨脹,腫脹;增長,增強
參考例句:
  • The waves had taken on a deep swell.海浪洶涌。
  • His injured wrist began to swell.他那受傷的手腕開始腫了。
2 belly QyKzLi     
n.肚子,腹部;(像肚子一樣)鼓起的部分,膛
參考例句:
  • The boss has a large belly.老板大腹便便。
  • His eyes are bigger than his belly.他眼饞肚飽。
3 underneath VKRz2     
adj.在...下面,在...底下;adv.在下面
參考例句:
  • Working underneath the car is always a messy job.在汽車底下工作是件臟活。
  • She wore a coat with a dress underneath.她穿著一件大衣,里面套著一條連衣裙。
4 jointed 0e57ef22df02be1a8b7c6abdfd98c54f     
有接縫的
參考例句:
  • To embrace her was like embracing a jointed wooden image. 若是擁抱她,那感覺活像擁抱一塊木疙瘩。 來自英漢文學
  • It is possible to devise corresponding systematic procedures for rigid jointed frames. 推導出適合于鋼架的類似步驟也是可能的。
5 hind Cyoya     
adj.后面的,后部的
參考例句:
  • The animal is able to stand up on its hind limbs.這種動物能夠用后肢站立。
  • Don't hind her in her studies.不要在學業上扯她后腿。
6 pollen h1Uzz     
n.[植]花粉
參考例句:
  • Hummingbirds have discovered that nectar and pollen are very nutritious.蜂鳥發現花蜜和花粉是很有營養的。
  • He developed an allergy to pollen.他對花粉過敏。
7 swarm dqlyj     
n.(昆蟲)等一大群;vi.成群飛舞;蜂擁而入
參考例句:
  • There is a swarm of bees in the tree.這樹上有一窩蜜蜂。
  • A swarm of ants are moving busily.一群螞蟻正在忙碌地搬家。
8 swarming db600a2d08b872102efc8fbe05f047f9     
密集( swarm的現在分詞 ); 云集; 成群地移動; 蜜蜂或其他飛行昆蟲成群地飛來飛去
參考例句:
  • The sacks of rice were swarming with bugs. 一袋袋的米里長滿了蟲子。
  • The beach is swarming with bathers. 海灘滿是海水浴的人。
TAG標簽: 英語科普 蜜蜂
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